Passwords that are easy to remember are easy to crack. In turn, a secure password is difficult to remember. Is this somehow reconciled?
You don’t have to be a hacker to crack a simple password
Let’s look at the passwords used to set up accounts on popular websites. Every year, rankings of the most popular terms are published and every year the top looks very similar. In the latest Keeper Security top 5 ranking it looks like this:
You admit that if you want to crack these passwords, you don’t have to be a hacker. So why do Internet users still use weak passwords?
Part of the fault lies with the owners of sites that require login. On the form page, you can implement a solution forcing the user to use long passwords containing different characters. Unfortunately, this is still not the standard.
How to create a secure password?
The rules to follow when creating a secure password say that it should be as diverse as possible and include:
at least 8 characters
upper and lower case letters,
numbers and special characters (e.g. *, &, $ etc.).
At the same time, when choosing a password, avoid:
words that can be found in the dictionary, e.g. football, mojehaslo, bydgoszcz,
passwords that are only numbers or only letters,
strings of characters next to each other on the keyboard, e.g. 123qwerty, zxcvbnm,! @ # 123,
own name and surname, names of loved ones, children,
combinations that can be easily guessed with basic knowledge of the user, e.g. date of birth, home address, telephone number.
What should a secure password look like? By following the above rules, we’ll get a password that looks something like this: jb% 2: pPbf. There is only one problem – how to remember them?
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Secure password – how to deal with it?
We already have a secure password, we checked it in an external service, everything is fine. Can we finally breathe a sigh of relief? Not necessarily. Even a long and complicated string will not protect us if we write it on a sticky note stuck to the monitor.
So how do you deal with passwords so as not to make cybercriminals’ work easier? This is what we asked Mariusz Pawłowski from the Optima Partners company dealing in IT security consulting.
The most important and least reliable link in the security of an IT system is a human. It is the man who makes the most mistakes and it is his fault that the password is usually disclosed to unauthorized persons. Therefore, even with a secure password, every user should follow the basic rules.
The most important of these is not disclosing your password to anyone and storing it securely, as well as changing it regularly (e.g. every month). Simple but often neglected behavior! And when we change the password, it’s definitely not from Ja $ 2016 to Ja $ 2017.
Storing passwords is another system weakness – it’s safest to simply remember them. If this is impossible, save to a secure device that only the owner of the password has access to and whose loss (theft, loss) does not pose a threat. The notebook or phone without a call is therefore falling off.
In rare cases, when you need to provide your password, you must change it before providing it to be completely different from the one you used, and then change only the known, new ones.
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